When your foundation needs repairs, you have many options to choose from. Some foundations might need a simple patch, while others might need heavy reinforcement. Learning about the different types of home foundation repair can help you discover which style is best for your situation.
A patch can help reinforce the structure when cracks run through a foundation. These patches usually involve adding masonry to the crack and then covering it with a waterproof sealant. These patches blend hydraulic cement, silicone, vinyl concrete, polyurethane, or epoxy.
This repair method works very well for handling cracks undermining a foundation. However, remember that these patches are not guaranteed to solve everything. For example, if the cracks are caused by shifting soil underneath the home, the patched foundation will just crack again in another spot.
Slab jacking may be an option whenever a concrete slab foundation is uneven. Also called mud jacking or concrete lifting, this technique starts with drilling small holes in the foundation. The technician then injects a polyurethane or cement mixture into the holes to fill up the area under the slab. They push up the slab until it is level again.
These repairs work best for foundations where the soil has shifted and left a space underneath. Though they can technically be done on whole houses, slab jacking techniques work best in smaller areas. Home foundation repair companies often use this repair for fixing porches, walkways, driveways, or garages.
Soil stabilization works by adding materials to the ground to support your existing foundation more thoroughly. Unlike slab jacking, the material is blended throughout the soil instead of pumped into one hollow spot.
This home foundation repair method is minimally invasive while being longer-lasting than slab jacking. However, it requires expert knowledge of how various soil types shift and compress over the years.
Piling and Piering
This foundation repair method involves pressing long piers or piles into the ground underneath the foundation. The underlying bedrock or soil holds them in place while they support the house. Multiple materials are used for this home foundation repair type, including steel beams, molded concrete, or poured concrete.
The big advantage of these techniques is that they are effective and long-lasting. Once the piers are in place, you can be confident your foundation is properly supported. However, this tends to be a lengthier project that requires specialized equipment. It is usually only recommended in places where the foundation is very unstable.
Ultimately, each one of these repairs has its specific benefits and uses. It is not always obvious which style of home foundation repair will work for your house. To make the right choice, you will need professional assistance. Contact our team for an expert evaluation if you want the best foundation home repair for your situation.