Pier and Beam Foundation Repair
How Pier and Beam Foundation Repair Is Done:
Step 1: Shoring
Temporary “shoring” is placed under your home’s existing beams. Typically skirting is removed.
Step 2: Pier Installation
A two-foot by two-foot hole is dug below grade for the footing. Rebar is tied together inside the footing and concrete is poured to a height of 12”. Rebar extends up from the center of the pad for pier installation.
Step 3: Leveling
Hydraulic jacks are used to manually level the home under the direction of the Field Superintendent, who monitors the reaction of the structure and interior elevation readings throughout the process.
Step 4: Pier Pouring
Sonotube forms are cut to span from the top of the previously-poured footing to the new height of the level beam. Concrete is hand-poured into each form.
Step 5: Completion
Forms used for pouring are stripped away. Any nominal space between the top of the pier and the beam is secured with steel shims. Holes are backfilled.
Pier and Beam foundation repair basics
A home’s foundation is one of its most critical components; it anchors the structure, protects against moisture intrusion, insulates against the cold, and resists possible movement of the surrounding ground. Accordingly, maintaining the integrity and function of any foundation is crucial to the overall condition of the home. But because there are different types of foundations, ensuring that repairs are conducted by the most skilled experts in that particular foundation type cannot be overstressed.
The two most common foundation types are concrete slab foundations, which are formed using poured concrete, and pier and beam, which are comprised of a series of “piers” that provide the base upon which the floor is constructed. Usually, piers are composed of concrete, but can also be cinderblock or cedar. Wood beams run across the piers, on top of which joists run perpendicularly and are topped with a plywood subfloor. The distance between the ground outside and the base of the floor is normally covered with “skirting” which is usually stucco or other durable material that prevents animals and the elements from making their way under the home.
Common problems with pier and beam foundations
Pier and beam foundations offer unique benefits that slab foundations do not. For example, they provide a crawlspace under the house, which provides easier access for repairs to plumbing and electrical wiring beneath the floor. However, this type of foundation is also more susceptible to to deterioration than a concrete slab. Concrete piers can crack and shift with frost heaves and wood beams can rot from exposure to moisture or be weakened by insect activity. pier and beam foundation repair problems such as these can have a number of knock-on effects that can create additional issues in the home. For example, if the timbers used for beams rot or become weak, floors can sag or bounce when walked across. It can also cause cause door frames to shift and prevent doors from properly closing. Other parts of the home’s structure can be weakened by a failing pier and beam foundation. When it comes to pier and beam foundation repair, you must be certain to select an expert with years of experience addressing the unique set of problems associated with this type of foundation.
Pier and beam foundation repair in Austin
Pier and beam foundation repair addresses a range of problems. If beams are rotted, a pier and beam foundation repair expert will replace them with new, code-approved treated timbers. If the piers have been compromised by the elements and time, an expert will first remove the skirting, shore the structure with temporary supports, and then replace the faulty piers with new ones. In the case of a bouncy floor, additional piers might be added in carefully selected locations to provide extra support. If the floors are sagging or doorframes and walls become misaligned, a combination of adding new piers and leveling beams using measuring devices will be undertaken by a pier and beam foundation repair professional.